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Nonwovens: An introduction

Posted on 6th Nov, 2014 in Nonwovens by John Smith

nonwovens - an introduction

At Techtex, we work with a number of fabrics that make day-to-day duties easier and more effective. One of these fabrics, used in most of our home, health care, engineering and industrial products, is nonwovens.

We’re actually one of the leading suppliers of high-quality, cost-effective nonwoven fabrics and lots of experience working with this material to engineer it so that it’s exactly right for the job. We can produce slit coils, short length rolls, folded rolls, sheets and cut shapes as well as absorbent, liquid repellent, resilient, stretchy, soft or strong nonwovens – amongst a number of other types.

Today on the blog, we’re going to be answering a few of the most popular questions about nonwovens, so that you too can understand the benefits of this type of product.

What is a nonwoven fabric?

Nonwovens are fabric-like material made from long fibres. They’re used in combination with other materials to give you an ideal fabric product for using in your environment.

There are a number of types of nonwovens available as the process of making them allows the manufacturer to be as innovative as they wish, fulfilling a number of a consumer needs. For example, the nonwoven Spunbonded Polypropylene is designed to be a strong, lightweight, cost effective fabric, particularly useful in filtration and horticulture; while the nonwoven Viscose, is designed to be cost effective and biodegradable, ideal for both domestic and industrial textiles.

What processes are used?

The sheet or web structures are bonded together by entangling fibres or filaments mechanically, thermally or chemically. This process gives you the flat, porous sheets that are made up of separate fibres of molten plastic or plastic film.

A massive benefit of nonwovens is their multi-use, multi-purpose functionality. They can be used within any industry as the process used to develop them is completely innovative, allowing the final product to be any one of the following, or in fact any combination of them too:

• Absorbent
• Liquid repelling
• Resilient
• Soft
• Hard
• Cushioned
• Washable
• Sterile
• Flame retardant
• Durable

This list is by no means definitive, there are many more properties that can be integrated into a nonwoven product – these are just a few of the most popular properties you’ll find in our nonwovens.

What are nonwovens typically used for?

The wide range of potential properties means nonwovens can be used in almost any industry.

Within the healthcare industry they may be used for surgical clothing gowns and masks, medical packaging, cleanroom wipes or any other kind of disposable clothing or hygiene product.

In the industrial sector, one thing nonwovens are commonly used in are filters – for example, in mineral processing, and gasoline, oil and air filtration.

In the horticultural sector, you’ll find nonwoven products used to help protect plants against frost, provide barriers for pond and canal water, help prevent erosion and for soil stabilisers.

Of course, the items uses listed above are just a few of ways you’ll see nonwovens used in the home and workplace. You can find how we use them on our website.

Want to keep up to date with Techtex Wipes and Healthcare? Follow us on Twitter @Techtex_news!

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